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Italy

Background information on industrial relations in Italy

  • 20 Nov 2009
    Italy: All parties agree to renewal of collective agreement in food industry

    On 22 September 2009, an accord was signed renewing the industry-wide agreement for the food industry. This is the first sectoral agreement signed by all three trade union confederations since the rift caused by the interconfederal agreement of January 2009 on changes to the collective bargaining structure. The new accord provides for pay and legal aspects. The social partners have welcomed the settlement, citing it as a model for other sectors to follow.

  • 26 Oct 2009
    Italy: Unions and retailers sign pact in retail and services sectors

    In 2008, the national collective agreement concluded for the retail and services sectors led to a split among the main trade unions in the sector, so that a separate accord was signed. In July 2009, the three main sectoral trade unions reached agreement with the General Confederation of Trade, Tourism, Services and SMEs on a ‘Pact for work in the retail and services sectors’, which will become an integral part of the sectoral collective agreement currently in force.

  • 23 Sep 2009
    Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Steel industry – Italy

    The aim of this representativeness study is to identify the respective national and supranational actors (i.e. trade unions and employer organisations) in the field of industrial relations in the steel industry in Italy. In order to determine their relative importance in the sector’s industrial relations, this study will, in particular, focus on their representational quality as well as on their role in collective bargaining.

  • 18 Sep 2009
    Italy – Greening the European economy: responses and initiatives by Member States and social partners

    Two distinctive features of Italy’s “green agenda” emerge from this CAR. Firstly, as stressed by the social partners concerned, Italian legislation on renewable energy is incomplete. The 2008 Budget Law mentions various measures, but they have not yet been implemented. Also lacking is a systematic concern with economic and, especially, employment potential. Scant references are made to incentives for training or to enterprise start-ups in this sector. The second feature is the influence of the territorial variable on the quantity and the quality of the ‘green’ initiatives undertaken. In fact, some regions are much more active than others.

  • 16 Sep 2009
    Italy: Social partners aim to boost economic activities in Rome and Lazio region

    In June 2009, the regional branches of the social partner organisations in Lazio signed an agreement with the aim of relaunching the economy in Rome and the entire region. The agreement provides for initiatives in five key areas, including: research, innovation and training; renewable energy and the environment; the development of tourism and infrastructures. It also focuses on developing a culture of health and safety at the workplace through targeted training initiatives.

  • 15 Sep 2009
    Italy: Flexicurity and industrial relations

    The report provides information on the design and implementation of measures concerning one or more areas of the ‘flexicurity’ strategy in Italy as defined in the most recent documents issued by the European Commission on the theme. In particular, the report describes the positions of the government and social partners on ‘flexicurity’, their role, and the actions that they have undertaken to favour both work flexibility and employment security.

  • 31 Aug 2009
    Italy: Solidarity contracts agreed at Telecom in place of collective redundancies

    In July 2009, at the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Policy, Italy’s biggest telecommunications group, Telecom, signed an agreement with the sectoral trade unions, transforming 470 collective redundancies into 1,054 solidarity contracts. This move follows the company’s announcement of its Strategic Plan 2009–2011, providing for 4,000 redundancies. The trade unions welcome the agreement and the company’s effort to save jobs at a difficult economic time.

  • 19 Aug 2009
    Italy: Trade unions propose health and safety measures for earthquake reconstruction work

    In July 2009, trade unions in the construction and woodworking sector approved a list of proposals for guaranteeing adequate health and safety at the workplace. In the same month, the trade unions signed a document containing proposals for reconstructing the earthquake-stricken Abruzzo region in central-eastern Italy with respect to health and safety norms, regulations and guaranteeing the transparency of operations. The document underlines the need to ensure that the reconstruction work is only assigned to companies that respect these parameters.

  • 10 Aug 2009
    Italy: Agreement reached to maintain competitiveness of FS Group

    On 16 May 2009, the transport trade unions and the FS Group signed an agreement to relaunch the competitiveness of the group’s enterprises. The agreement provides for the restructuring of the group, including the initiation of a three-year process of ‘reinternalisation’ of activities linked to the maintenance of tracks and infrastructure, the introduction of single-engine drivers and 900 new jobs before the end of 2009. The income support fund for the group will also be reorganised.

  • 05 Aug 2009
    Italy: Ministry issues White Paper on future welfare reforms

    In May 2009, the Italian Minister of Labour, Health and Social Policy presented a White Paper, outlining the welfare initiatives that the current government intend to introduce when the economic crisis is resolved. The paper highlighted current shortcomings and underlined the fundamental values on which the reforms must be based. Its contents generated a mixed response from the trade unions.

  • 29 Jul 2009
    Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Tanning and leather sector – Italy

    The aim of this representativeness study is to identify the respective national and supranational actors (i.e. trade unions and employer organisations) in the field of industrial relations in the tanning and leather sector in Italy. In order to determine their relative importance in the sector’s industrial relations, this study will, in particular, focus on their representational quality as well as on their role in collective bargaining.

  • 21 Jul 2009
    Italy: Path to reform of 1993 collective bargaining agreement

    The tripartite agreement of July 1993 on the Italian industrial relations and collective bargaining system has been the subject of debate for many years. These discussions have finally led to an experimental reform of January 2009. The reform was agreed by the social partners, with the exception of the General Confederation of Italian Workers. The proposals maintain the country’s two-tier bargaining structure, based on sectoral and decentralised agreements.

  • 21 Jul 2009
    Italy: General strike highlights trade union tensions

    The General Confederation of Italian Workers (Cgil) held a general strike in April 2009 in protest over the alleged inability of the government to tackle the economic crisis. A second reason for the strike was Cgil’s opposition to the agreement on reforming the collective bargaining system reached by the government and the other social partners. The withdrawal of the largest trade union from the agreement will be problematic for Italy’s entire industrial relations system.

  • 21 Jul 2009
    Italy: Fiat Group presents rationalisation plan for Italian plants

    In June 2009, the chief executive officer of the Fiat Group presented to the government, regions and trade unions a plan to reorganise the company’s Italian plants. The plan pledged that none of these plants would be closed; rather, changes would be made to the production platforms at Fiat’s two plants in southern Italy. The announcement immediately raised concerns among the trade unions and in the regions where the plants are located.

  • 13 Jul 2009
    Italy: New agreement in fishing industry

    In May 2009, the national agreement for 40,000 workers in the fishing industry was renewed. The deal reached foresaw changes to the structure of the pay system whereby wages are paid on a four-monthly basis. Also envisaged is a monthly pay system as in all other productive sectors. At the same time, the sectoral trade unions are negotiating the renewal of the food sector agreement in light of the recent reform of the Italian bargaining structure.

  • 02 Jul 2009
    Italy: Multinational companies and collective bargaining

    The present study reports a limited influence of MNCs on the Italian collective bargaining agenda. The role of MNCs is not a leading one with regards to the industrial relations dimension. Though, according to some interviewees, MNCs are often seen as precursor in the introduction of new practices in terms of variable pay systems, human resource management (as it is the case, for instance, of policies of diversity management) and, most important, measures for health and safety at the workplace.

  • 01 Jun 2009
    Italy: Renewal of national collective agreement for journalists

    In March 2009, following two days of bargaining, the national collective agreement for journalists was renewed. The agreement establishes an average wage increase of €265 a month. It also regulates the transfer of journalists, their temporary employment in newspapers of the same press group and fixed-term employment contracts. Furthermore, the agreement introduces a new provision regarding multimedia and two new professional categories.

  • 06 May 2009
    Italy: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations – Personal services sector

    The aim of this representativeness study is to identify the respective national and supranational actors (i.e. trade unions and employer organisations) in the field of industrial relations in the personal services sector in Italy. In order to determine their relative importance in the sector’s industrial relations, this study will, in particular, focus on their representational quality as well as on their role in collective bargaining.

  • 30 Apr 2009
    Italy: Trade unions split on renewal agreements for public sector workers

    In late January 2009, the Italian trade unions, with the exception of the General Confederation of Italian Workers (Cgil), signed renewal agreements for public sector employees in ministries, inland revenue agencies, non-economic bodies and schools. These agreements awarded pay increases to about 1.5 million workers. However, Cgil argued that the increments were too low and therefore held a referendum among public sector workers, as well as calling a general strike in the sector.

  • 30 Apr 2009
    Italy: Industrial relations report 2006–2007 launched

    For more than 25 years, Italy’s industrial relations report has acted as a point of reference in the debate between the country’s social partners. The report for 2006–2007 was presented in February 2009 and analyses the important aspects of industrial relations in Italy, considering the situation in a European context. The report also looks at collective bargaining structures as well as wages and labour costs. Overall, the social partners have welcomed the report.

  • 30 Apr 2009
    Italy: Cgil refuses to sign agreement on collective bargaining reform

    In January 2009, the General Confederation of Italian Workers (Cgil) refused to sign the Italian social partner agreement on collective bargaining reform. The agreement introduces a new reference indicator to protect the purchasing power of collectively agreed pay, as well as the possibility to use ‘opening clauses’ in decentralised bargaining and the commitment to define new rules on assessing social partner representativeness. Cgil’s lack of support may be an important drawback.

  • 28 Apr 2009
    Italy: Wage flexibility and collective bargaining.

    The current bargaining system in Italy (introduced by the Agreement of 23 July 1993) divides collective bargaining between a national level (intended to recoup inflation) and a decentralized level (to distribute earnings from productivity or profitability). The largest proportion of the variable pay received by Italian workers pertains to this second level of bargaining. Decentralized bargaining, however, covers less than half of all workers. This explains the resistance of the trade unions against the proposals advanced by the employers’ organisations, to reform the bargaining system to give greater weight to decentralized bargaining as compared to the national level.

  • 28 Apr 2009
    Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Hospitals – Italy

    The aim of this representativeness study is to identify the respective national and supranational actors (i.e. trade unions and employer organisations) in the field of industrial relations in the hospital sector in Italy. In order to determine their relative importance in the sector’s industrial relations, this study will, in particular, focus on their representational quality as well as on their role in collective bargaining.

  • 31 Mar 2009
    Italy: ‘Wage formation’

    The system of wage formation in Italy is based on industry-wide bargaining at national level, according to the tripartite agreement of 23 July 1993. In last years a major debate took place in order to enhance the role of company level bargaining and to reform the bargaining structure. There are no specific data available on wage formation in the IT sector since it is included in the broader traditional industry sector as far as the main level of collective bargaining is concerned.

  • 24 Mar 2009
    Italy: Social partners sign pact on health and safety for building sites in Milan

    On 3 December 2008, an agreement was signed between the representatives of the Local Council of Milan and the social partners. The agreement sets out rules for participating in calls for public works tenders in Milan. It also establishes a list of criteria for carrying out private construction work in the city. The agreement is of particular importance due to the anticipated increase in the number of building sites leading up to Milan’s hosting of the Universal Exposition in 2015.

  • 16 Mar 2009
    Italy: Fiat Group and Chrysler form new alliance

    In January 2009, despite a major crisis in the automotive sector worldwide, the car manufacturers Fiat and Chrysler announced that they had signed a non-binding letter of intent for the creation of a commercial alliance. The Italian sectoral trade unions have therefore reacted with caution, insisting that any alliances should be based on an employment guarantee at existing plants. In another move, the government has announced a plan seeking to support the car industry.

  • 09 Mar 2009
    Italy: The impact of the information and consultation Directive

    Legislative decree no. 25/2007 enacted on 22 March 2007 implemented EU Directive 2002/14/EC and strengthened the information and consultation rights of workers, while also introducing administrative sanctions for breaches of these rights. The decree has filled a legislative gap in an area that in Italy has to date been almost entirely regulated by collective bargaining, which provides for information and consultation on particular issues (such as the use of overtime, restructuring, divestments, mergers or outsourcing) in many sectors. Until now, the law has provided, in a fragmented and limited way, only for information and consultation on matters such as use of wages guarantee funds, collective dismissals, mobility, night work, labour leasing and transfers of undertakings. While decree no. 25/2007 generally and systematically recognises information and consultation rights from a legislative point of view, it also assigns a considerable role to collective bargaining in the exercise and application of these rights.

  • 23 Feb 2009
    Italy: New bargaining system agreed for craftworkers

    An agreement was reached on 21 November 2008 aiming to modify the collective bargaining system in the artisan or craftwork industry in Italy. The agreement strengthens regional bargaining and intensifies the role of the bilateral bodies. National collective agreements will be reduced from 17 to nine in number. Two of the main trade unions have already signed the agreement, while the third was expected to sign it in the near future.

  • 23 Feb 2009
    Italy: Social partners propose plan to revitalise textiles sector

    On 21 November 2008, the trade unions and employer organisation in the textiles and clothing sector signed a joint document designed to revitalise the industry. The document was to be presented to the Italian government and the European Commission. It outlines a range of initiatives and interventions aiming to boost consumption and reinforce the production capacity of companies operating in the sector.

  • 13 Feb 2009
    Italy: Second phase of public sector reorganisation launched

    Italy’s Minister for Public Administration and Innovation presented a second reform plan for the public sector in September 2008, which aims to identify, enhance and disseminate best practices in the sector. Meanwhile, the Council of Ministers issued the budget law for the year 2009, providing for the payment of pay increments even in the absence of a collective agreement. The trade unions have strongly criticised the government’s unilateral action and called for mobilisation.

  • 12 Feb 2009
    Italy: Collective bargaining and continuous vocational training

    The Italian CVT system is very recent: its design started in 1993 contemporaneously with the July agreement, and was achieved in 2003 with the establishment of the CVT observatory involving both public institutions and social partners, reflecting the key role of concertation over time. The system however is not yet complete because of the lack of nationwide professional and training standards and because of incomplete monitoring report from the regions, which are responsible for management and administration of public funds. However, public financing play a minor role in firms training expenditure because of bureaucratic burden.

  • 04 Feb 2009
    Italy: Agreement reached on job cuts at Whirlpool Italia

    After the October 2008 announcement by Whirlpool of its intention to shed 5,000 jobs worldwide, including 1,000 jobs in Europe alone, a series of meetings were held with trade unions. In Italy, 691 redundancies were envisaged, 431 of which would occur at Whirlpool’s two main Italian plants in the province of Varese in Lombardy. In mid December 2008, an agreement was signed by Whirlpool Italia and the trade unions on workforce cutbacks at the Varese plants.

  • 04 Feb 2009
    Italy: Government launches anti-crisis measures

    On 28 November 2008, the Italian Council of Ministers approved the so-called ‘anti-crisis decree’, which sets out the government’s economic policy measures to restore consumer and business confidence – currently at the lowest levels since 1993 – and thus relaunch the Italian economy. Business leaders have approved the general provisions of the decree but are calling for more resources, while the main trade union announced a four-hour general strike in protest.

  • 20 Jan 2009
    Italy: Green Paper addresses future of welfare system

    Italy’s Labour Minister presented to the Council of Ministers a Green Paper analysing the country’s welfare system in July 2008. The Green Paper sought to initiate negotiations, which were to end within three months, on the reform of the welfare system in Italy. However, the government seems to be adopting a contradictory position by encouraging consultation with the social partners while deciding on welfare cuts without proper negotiation.

  • 19 Jan 2009
    Italy: Social partner agreement aims to tackle crisis in pharmaceutical industry

    Social partner organisations in the chemicals sector signed an agreement in November 2008 introducing a number of ‘welfare to work’ measures for employees made redundant in the pharmaceutical industry. The so-called ‘Welfarma’ project has been welcomed by the signatories to the agreement; however, it has generated a dispute among organisations that did not sign but which are directly affected by its provisions.

Page last updated: 17 April, 2014